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Members of this kingdom are
multicellular (made of many cells),
they use chlorophyll to make their own food,
they cannot move about,
and their cells are specialized for different tasks such as support of the plant or transport of nutrients.
General Information
   Contains mostly green, multicellular organisms
   Cells are of various types and form special organs
   Organs assist in the production of food and reproduction of the plant
   Members of the five phyla can be distinguished by
   Where they live
   Their color
   Whether or not they have an internal transport system for carrying food materials

Brown Algae- Fucus (Genus)
   Live mostly in cool seawater
   Contain gold and green pigments that give them a brown color
   Those living in shallow waters have root-like organs (holdfasts)
   Have stem-like organs (stipes) and leaf-like organs (blades)
   Provide food and shelter for numerous ocean animals

Red Algae- Polysyphonia (Genus)
   Usually live in warm tropical seawater
   Sometimes they live deep in the water (up to 200 meters)
   They are red because they have a red pigment
   The red absorbs the blue light that penetrates deep into the ocean (allowing photosynthesis to occur to make their own food)
   Gelatin substitutes and other foods are obtained from this phylum

Green Algae-Spirogyra (Genus)
   Show the most variety
   Live on surfaces and near the shores of oceans
   Found on the surfaces of fresh water
   On land, they cover the surfaces that receive sunlight and stay damp
   They are green, store food and have cell walls (this makes them the most like land plants
   Have no transport system in their bodies to carry materials
   Small green plants that live only in moist places
   Rarely grow larger than 15 centimeters
   25,000 different kinds of byophytes exist
   Most common are mosses

and liverworts

   Have vessels that transport food, water, and minerals to all parts of the plant body
Classes of Tracheophytes
   Those that have no seeds- FERNS

   Gymnosperms are naked seed plants. Seeds are NOT enclosed in an ovary. Example: CONE-BEARING PLANTS such as a pine tree with cones.

   Angiosperms are flowering plants. They are the only plants with flowers and fruits. Produce seeds covered by an ovary that develops into a fruit. An example is apple, pear, peach and plum trees.

Two types of Angiosperms:
See "Structure and Function of Plant and Animal Organ Systems" for more detailed comparison of monocots and dicots.

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